Openness to experience as a predictor and outcome of upward job changes into managerial and professional positions

Christiane Nieß, Hannes Zacher

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    26 Citations (Scopus)
    241 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    In industrial and organizational psychology, there is a long tradition of studying personality as an antecedent of work outcomes. Recently, however, scholars have suggested that personality characteristics may not only predict, but also change due to certain work experiences, a notion that is depicted in the dynamic developmental model (DDM) of personality and work. Upward job changes are an important part of employees’ careers and career success in particular, and we argue that these career transitions can shape personality over time. In this study, we investigate the Big Five personality characteristics as both predictors and outcomes of upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. We tested our hypotheses by applying event history analyses and propensity score matching to a longitudinal dataset collected over five years from employees in Australia. Results indicated that participants’ openness to experience not only predicted, but that changes in openness to experience also followed from upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. Our findings thus provide support for a dynamic perspective on personality characteristics in the context of work and careers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0131115
    Number of pages22
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume10
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25-Jun-2015

    Keywords

    • UNITED-STATES
    • SOCIAL INVESTMENT
    • DIVERGENT-THINKING
    • LONGITUDINAL ASSESSMENT
    • LIFE-COURSE
    • PROPENSITY SCORE
    • BIG 5
    • 5-FACTOR MODEL
    • EXECUTIVE CAREER SUCCESS
    • PERSONALITY-TRAIT DEVELOPMENT

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