Optimal and suboptimal video instructions change movement execution in young talented basketball players

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Abstract

Observational learning is considered powerful to promote (implicit) motor learning. While it is a common tool in practice, little is known about the effects of video instructions on movement execution. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of watching biomechanically optimal (OPT) and suboptimal (SUBOPT) sidestep cutting (SSC) video instructions on movement execution. Ten male basketball players (age 15.5 +/- 1.2 years, height 189.9 +/- 3.1 cm, mass 75.4 +/- 7.1 kg) from a Regional Talent Center performed anticipated 45 degrees SSC tasks in baseline (BASE) followed by two counterbalanced experimental conditions. Subjects watched expert videos (matched by sex and height) of OPT and SUBOPT movement executions and were asked to imitate this to the best of their ability. Kine(ma)tic data was captured with 21 reflective markers and 2 force plates. After watching the videos, subjects displayed smaller ankle dorsiflexion angles (p < 0.001) and greater vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) (p = 0.012) in SUBOPT compared to OPT condition during initial contact (IC). Greater knee flexion and ankle dorsiflexion angles in the expert compared to subjects in the OPT condition were found (p < 0.001). Contrarily, subjects were able to imitate SUBOPT executions shown by the expert. This means that athletes worsen their movement execution when modelling a SUBOPT model. Coaches are advised to mainly use (1) OPT video instructions and (2) expert modelling with a relatively small gap in movement execution between the athlete and model.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science & Coaching
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15-Aug-2022

Keywords

  • Expert modelling
  • ground reaction force
  • injury prevention
  • kinematic
  • kinetic
  • observational learning
  • CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURY
  • JUMP-LANDING TECHNIQUE
  • FEEDBACK
  • KINEMATICS
  • PREVENTION
  • HANDBALL
  • SPORTS
  • FOCUS
  • RISK
  • GAIT

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