Orbital bleeding in rats while under diethylether anaesthesia does not influence telemetrically determined heart rate, body temperature, locomotor and eating activity when compared with anaesthesia alone

H vanHerck*, SF DeBoer, APM Hesp, HA VanLith, [No Value] Baumans, AC Beynen, H. van Herck, H.A. van Lith

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The question addressed was whether orbital bleeding in rats, while under diethylether anaesthesia, affects their locomotor activity, body core temperature, heart rate rhythm and eating pattern. Roman High Avoidance (RHA) and Roman Low Avoidance (RLA) rats were used to enhance generalization of the results. Orbital bleeding when the rats were under diethylether anaesthesia was compared with diethylether anaesthesia alone. To take into account any effects of handling, the rats were also subjected to sham anaesthesia. The RHA rats urinated more during anaesthesia, needed more time to recover from the anaesthesia and showed a greater endocrine stress response to diethylether anaesthesia when compared with the RLA rats. During anaesthesia, the RHA rats showed a greater fall of body temperature and bradycardia than did the RLA rats. Diethylether anaesthesia reduced locomotor activity in the RHA rats, but had no effect in the RLA rats. In neither RHA nor RLA rats did anaesthesia plus orbital puncture, versus anaesthesia alone, influence body temperature, heart rate rhythm, locomotor and eating activity. The lack of effect of orbital puncture occurred both in the short term (within 2 h) and long term (within 48 hours) and thus this study indicates that orbital puncture had, at least with respect to variables measured in the present study, no effect superimposed on that of diethylether anaesthesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalLaboratory Animals
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul-1997

Keywords

  • catecholamines
  • corticosterone
  • defaecation
  • diethylether anaesthesia
  • discomfort
  • glucose
  • micturition
  • orbital bleeding
  • telemetry
  • PUNCTURE
  • STRESS

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