A single-injection vaccine formulation that provides for both a prime and a boost immunization would have various advantages over a multiple-injection regime. For such a vaccine formulation, it is essential that the booster dose is released after a certain, preferably adjustable, lag time. In this study we investigated whether a core-shell based implant, containing ovalbumin as core material and poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) of various monomer ratios as shell material can be used to obtain such a booster release. An in vitro release study showed that the lag time after which the ovalbumin was released from the core-shell implant increased with increasing lactic to glycolic acid ratio of the polymer and ranged from 3-6 weeks. Fluorescence spectroscopy showed minimal differences between native ovalbumin and ovalbumin from core-shell implants that were incubated until just before the observed in vitro release. In addition, mice immunized with a subcutaneous inserted core-shell implant containing ovalbumin showed an ovalbumin-specific IgG1 antibody response after a lag time of 4 or 6-8 weeks. Moreover, delayed release of ovalbumin caused higher IgG1 antibody titers than conventional subcutaneous vaccination with ovalbumin dissolved in PBS. Collectively, these findings could contribute to the further development of a single-injection vaccine, making multiple injections of the vaccine superfluous.
- PLGA MICROSPHERES