Paclitaxel, ifosfamide and cisplatin with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor or recombinant human interleukin 3 and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in ovarian cancer: A feasibility study

GJ Veldhuis, PHB Willemse, JH Beijnen, H Piersma, WTA vanderGraaf, EGE deVries, J. Boonstra

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Abstract

The tolerability and efficacy of four courses of paclitaxel and ifosfamide plus cisplatin every 3 weeks was evaluated in patients with residual or refractory ovarian cancer. Additionally, supportive haematological effects of recombinant human interleukin 3 (rhIL-3) and recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) were studied. Paclitaxel starting dose was 135 mg m(-2) (day 1), with ifosfamide dose 1.2 g m(-2) day(-1) (days 2-4) and cisplatin dose 30 mg m(-2) day(-1) (days 2-4). All 16 patients received 5.0 mu g kg(-1) day(-1) G-CSF (days 7-16) and, in addition, eight patients were randomized to receive 10 mu g kg(-1) day(-1) rhIL-3 (days 5-9). Paclitaxel and ifosfamide doses were reduced when grade IV haematological toxicity occurred. In the absence of grade IV haematological toxicity and normal recovery of haematopoiesis, paclitaxel dose was escalated. Toxicity was evaluable in 56 courses, with haematological effects in 52. Despite antiemetic treatment, nausea and vomiting (greater than or equal to grade I) occurred in 50 courses. Five patients had persisting peripheral neuropathy. Renal and liver function were not affected. Grade IV neutropenia occurred in 12 out of 52 courses, with neutropenic fever in two patients, both of whom died from fatal septicaemia. Grade IV thrombocytopenia without bleeding was observed in 15 courses. Grade IV haematological toxicity was associated with hepatic metastases and concurrent increases in alkaline phosphatase (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-709
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Jounal of Cancer
Volume75
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • paclitaxel
  • ifosfamide
  • cisplatin
  • granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
  • interleukin 3
  • ovarian carcinoma
  • GYNECOLOGIC-ONCOLOGY-GROUP
  • PHASE-II TRIAL
  • TAXOL
  • CHEMOTHERAPY
  • CARCINOMA
  • INFUSION
  • PHARMACOKINETICS
  • GROWTH
  • CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE
  • METABOLITES

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