Parametric Methods for Dynamic C-11-Phenytoin PET Studies

Syahir Mansor*, Maqsood Yaqub, Ronald Boellaard, Femke E Froklage, Anke de Vries, Esther D. M. Bakker, Rob A. Voskuyl, Jonas Eriksson, Lothar A. Schwarte, Joost Verbeek, Albert D. Windhorst, Adriaan A. Lammertsma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this study, the performance of various methods for generating quantitative parametric images of dynamic C-11-phenytoin PET studies was evaluated. Methods: Double-baseline 60-min dynamic C-11-phenytoin PET studies, including online arterial sampling, were acquired for 6 healthy subjects. Parametric images were generated using Logan plot analysis, a basis function method, and spectral analysis. Parametric distribution volume (V-T) and influx rate (K-1) were compared with those obtained from nonlinear regression analysis of time-activity curves. In addition, global and regional testretest (TRT) variability was determined for parametric K-1 and V-T values. Results: Biases in V-T observed with all parametric methods were less than 5%. For K-1, spectral analysis showed a negative bias of 16%. The mean TRT variabilities of V-T and K-1 were less than 10% for all methods. Shortening the scan duration to 45 min provided similar V-T and K-1 with comparable TRT performance compared with 60-min data. Conclusion: Among the various parametric methods tested, the basis function method provided parametric V-T and K-1 values with the least bias compared with nonlinear regression data and showed TRT variabilities lower than 5%, also for smaller volumeof- interest sizes (i.e., higher noise levels) and shorter scan duration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-483
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1-Mar-2017


  • C-11-phenytoin
  • PET quantification
  • parametric kinetic modeling
  • test-retest variability

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