Paternal influences on treatment outcome of behavioral parent training in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

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Abstract

This study aims to explore the influence of paternal variables on outcome of behavioral parent training (BPT) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). 83 referred, school-aged children with ADHD were randomly assigned to BPT plus ongoing routine clinical care (RCC) or RCC alone. Treatment outcome was based on parent-reported ADHD symptoms and behavioral problems. Moderator variables included paternal ADHD symptoms, depressive symptoms, and parenting self-efficacy. We conducted repeated measures analyses of variance (ANOVA) for all variables, and then analyzed the direction of interaction effects by repeated measures ANOVA in high and low scoring subgroups. Paternal ADHD symptoms and parenting self-efficacy played a moderating role in decreasing behavioral problems, but not in decreasing ADHD symptoms. Paternal depressive symptoms did not moderate either treatment outcome. BPT is most beneficial in reducing children's behavioral problems when their fathers have high levels of ADHD symptoms or high-parenting self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1079
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2014

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Parent training
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Father
  • Moderator
  • DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
  • PSYCHOSOCIAL TREATMENTS
  • DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
  • TREATMENT RESPONSE
  • PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
  • FAMILIES
  • ADULTS
  • METAANALYSIS
  • PREDICTORS

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