BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of bone graft harvesting for pre-implant augmentation of the maxilla from a patient's perspective. To assess patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) related to augmentation of the extremely resorbed edentulous maxilla with calvarial or anterior iliac crest bone.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this randomised controlled trial, 20 consecutive edentulous patients needing extensive pre-implant surgery of the maxilla were randomly assigned to either calvarial (n = 10) or anterior iliac crest (n = 10) bone harvesting. Patient reports on procedure-related satisfaction, questionnaires on oral functionality (denture satisfaction, chewing ability) and oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-49NL) and subjective donor site-related outcomes (e.g. of post-operative pain, scar formation, physical mobility) were assessed.
RESULTS: Irrespective of the harvesting site, patients were generally satisfied (median VAS score 93 (86-99) mm, p = 0.400) with the procedure and its final results. Post-operative pain was mild (median 40 (20-40) mm) and decreased to no pain (4 (0-16) mm) within 14 days. Early post-operative pain was significantly higher following anterior iliac crest harvesting (p < 0.00). Impact on physical mobility, daily functioning and satisfaction with the scar formation were similar in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: The assessed PROMs confirmed that bone graft harvesting from the calvarium or anterior iliac crest is an appropriate procedure, reflected by high levels of satisfaction, minor long-term sequela and improvement of perceived oral health. For clinical decision-making, decisions can be based on individual features and preferences.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: NTR, NTR3968 , registered 1 July 2013.