Perceptual Accent Rating and Attribution in Psychogenic FAS: Some Further Evidence Challenging Whitaker's Operational Definition

Stefanie Keulen, Jo Verhoeven, Roelien Bastiaanse, Peter Mariën, Roel Jonkers, Nicolas Mavroudakis, Philippe Paquier

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    Abstract

    A 40-year-old, non-aphasic, right-handed, and polyglot (L1: French, L2: Dutch, and L3: English) woman with a 12-year history of addiction to opiates and psychoactive substances, and clear psychiatric problems, presented with a foreign accent of sudden onset in L1. Speech evolved toward a mostly fluent output, despite a stutter-like behavior and a marked grammatical output disorder. The psychogenic etiology of the accent foreignness was construed based on the patient's complex medical history and psychodiagnostic, neuropsychological, and neurolinguistic assessments. The presence of a foreign accent was affirmed by a perceptual accent rating and attribution experiment. It is argued that this patient provides additional evidence demonstrating the outdatedness of Whitaker's (1982) definition of foreign accent syndrome, as only one of the four operational criteria was unequivocally applicable to our patient: her accent foreignness was not only recognized by her relatives and the medical staff but also by a group of native French-speaking laymen. However, our patient defied the three remaining criteria, as central nervous system damage could not conclusively be demonstrated, psychodiagnostic assessment raised the hypothesis of a conversion disorder, and the patient was a polyglot whose newly gained accent was associated with a range of foreign languages, which exceeded the ones she spoke.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number62
    Number of pages14
    JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
    Volume10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2-Mar-2016

    Keywords

    • LANGUAGE
    • SPEAKERS
    • FOREIGN ACCENT
    • CONVERSION DISORDER
    • APHASIA
    • PATIENT
    • STROKE
    • SPEECH
    • BRAIN
    • 2ND-LANGUAGE
    • bi- and multilingualism
    • perceptual experiment
    • agrammatism
    • speech disorder
    • psychogenic
    • foreign accent syndrome

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