Perioperative Dietary Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Michel Adamina*, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Rotem Sigall-Boneh, Oded Zmora, Anthony de Buck van Overstraeten, Marjo Campmans-Kuijpers, Pierre Ellul, Konstantinos Katsanos, Paulo Gustavo Kotze, Nurulamin Noor, Judit Schäfli-Thurnherr, Stephan Vavricka, Catherine Wall, Nicolette Wierdsma, Nuha Yassin, Miranda Lomer

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] is rising worldwide and no cure is available. Many patients require surgery and they often present with nutritional deficiencies. Although randomised controlled trials of dietary therapy are lacking, expert IBD centres have long-established interdisciplinary care, including tailored nutritional therapy, to optimise clinical outcomes and resource utilisation. This topical review aims to share expertise and offers current practice recommendations to optimise outcomes of IBD patients who undergo surgery.

    METHODS: A consensus expert panel consisting of dietitians, surgeons, and gastroenterologists, convened by the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation, performed a systematic literature review. Nutritional evaluation and dietary needs, perioperative optimis ation, surgical complications, long-term needs, and special situations were critically appraised. Statements were developed using a Delphi methodology incorporating three successive rounds. Current practice positions were set when ≥80% of participants agreed on a recommendation.

    RESULTS: A total of 26 current practice positions were formulated which address the needs of IBD patients perioperatively and in the long term following surgery. Routine screening, perioperative optimisation by oral, enteral, or parenteral nutrition, dietary fibre, and supplements were reviewed. IBD-specific situations, including management of patients with a restorative proctocolectomy, an ostomy, strictures, or short-bowel syndrome, were addressed.

    CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative dietary therapy improves the outcomes of IBD patients who undergo a surgical procedure. This topical review shares interdisciplinary expertise and provides guidance to optimise the outcomes of patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. taking advantage of contemporary nutrition science.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)431-444
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
    Volume14
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr-2020

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