Persistence in brainstorming: Exploring stop rules in same-sex groups

BA Nijstad*, AEM van Vianen, W Stroebe, HFM Lodewijkx

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a laboratory experiment, three-person interactive and three-person nominal groups of college students brainstormed without externally imposed time constraints. All groups were homogeneous with regard to gender. Half of the participants were instructed to continue brainstorming until they ran out of ideas (expectancy stop rule), whereas the other half were instructed to continue until they were satisfied with their performance (satisfaction stop rule). We found that interactive groups were more persistent than nominal groups in both of the stop rule conditions and thereby compensated for their usual productivity loss. We also found, as predicted, that women were more persistent in the satisfaction stop rule condition, whereas men were more persistent in the expectancy stop rule condition. This effect may be due to gender differences in self-evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-206
Number of pages12
JournalGroup Processes & Intergroup Relations
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2004
EventAnnual Meeting of the American-Sociological-Association - SAN FRANCISCO, Canada
Duration: 20-Aug-199827-Aug-1998

Keywords

  • brainstorming
  • gender differences
  • persistence
  • stop rules
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • PRODUCTIVITY LOSS
  • COGNITIVE STIMULATION
  • IDEA GENERATION
  • PERFORMANCE
  • ILLUSION
  • PEOPLE
  • WOMEN

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