Persistently elevated levels of sST2 after acute coronary syndrome are associated with recurrent cardiac events

Victor. J. van den Berg, Maxime M. Vroegindewey, Victor A. Umans, Pim van der Harst, Folkert W. Asselbergs, K. Martijn Akkerhuis, Isabella Kardys, Eric Boersma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose Higher soluble ST2 (sST2) levels at admission are associated with adverse outcome in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. We studied the dynamics of sST2 over time in post-ACS patients prior to a recurrent ACS or cardiac death. Methods We used the BIOMArCS case cohort, consisting of 187 patients who underwent serial blood sampling during one-year follow-up post-ACS. sST2 was batch-wise quantified after completion of follow-up in a median of 8 (IQR: 5-11) samples per patient. Joint modelling was used to investigate the association between longitudinally measured sST2 and the endpoint, adjusted for gender, GRACE risk score and history of cardiovascular diseases. Results Median age was 64 years and 79% were men. The 36 endpoint patients had systematically higher sST2 levels than those that remained endpoint free (mean value 29.6 ng/ml versus 33.7 ng/ml, p-value 0.052). The adjusted hazard ratio for the endpoint per standard deviation increase of sST2 was 1.64 (95% confidence interval: 1.09-2.34; p = 0.019) at any time point. We could not identify a steady or sudden increase of sST2 in the run-up to the combined endpoint. Conclusion Asymptomatic post-ACS patients with persistently higher sST2 levels are at higher risk of recurrent ACS or cardiac death during one-year follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-269
Number of pages6
Issue number3
Early online date2-Feb-2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • sST2
  • secondary prevention
  • repeated measurements
  • acute coronary syndrome
  • atherosclerosis
  • RISK
  • IL-33

Cite this