PERSONALITY DIMENSIONS, SENSE OF COHERENCE AND SELF-ESTEEM AS RISK/PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR SMOKING AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Beata Gajdosova*, Olga Orosova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Peter Tavel, Jitse P. van Dijk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The effect of personality (extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism), self-esteem and sense of coherence on smoking among university students (n = 830, mean age 20.5 years, data collected in 2004, Slovakia) was explored using logistic regression separately among males and females. Higher extraversion plus, among females, higher negative self-esteem and lower meaningfulness, increase the probability of being a smoker. It is important to take into account the different function of personality in health promotion. In this case extraversion and negative self-esteem seem to be the risk factors, while meaningfulness seems to be a protective factor with regard to smoking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-192
Number of pages10
JournalSTUDIA PSYCHOLOGICA
Volume51
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • smoking
  • extraversion
  • neuroticism
  • psychoticism
  • self-esteem
  • sense of coherence
  • BEHAVIOR
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • SCALE
  • JAPAN
  • MODEL

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