Personality disorder traits, maladaptive schemas, modes and coping styles in participants with complex dissociative disorders, borderline personality disorder and avoidant personality disorder

Robin P.A. van der Linde*, Rafaële J.C. Huntjens, Nathan Bachrach, Marleen M. Rijkeboer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: The schema mode model offers a new conceptualisation of complex dissociative disorders (CDD) as it explains shifts between identities as shifts between schema modes. Furthermore, in this model CDD is conceived as personality pathology, incorporating core features of personality disorders. This study tested the assumptions of this schema mode model of CDD. Method: Questionnaires measuring personality disorder traits, schemas, schema modes and coping styles were filled out by patients with CDD, borderline personality disorder and avoidant personality disorder (N = 210), and their scores on the various constructs were compared. Results: Participants with CDD were characterised by specific schizoid, schizotypal, borderline and avoidant personality traits and early maladaptive schemas in the domains of disconnection and rejection and over-vigilance and inhibition. The most pronounced schema modes were the dysfunctional parent modes, avoidant coping modes and the vulnerable child mode. For coping styles, no differences were found between the diagnostic groups. Conclusion and discussion: On all outcome measures participants with CDD scored at the level of personality disorders and showed a unique pattern different from participants with borderline and avoidant personality disorder. This suggests that CDD shows features akin to a personality disorder. A clinical implication is that an adapted form of schema therapy might present a viable treatment option for CDD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1234-1245
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
Volume30
Issue number6
Early online date10-Aug-2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2023

Keywords

  • coping styles
  • dissociative disorders
  • maladaptive schemas
  • modes
  • personality disorder traits

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