Personality Structure in the Trait Lexicon of Hindi, a Major Language Spoken in India

Jitendra K. Singh, Girishwar Misra, Boele De Raad*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The psycho-lexical approach is extended to Hindi, a major language spoken in India. From both the dictionary and from Hindi novels, a huge set of personality descriptors was put together, ultimately reduced to a manageable set of 295 trait terms. Both self and peer ratings were collected on those terms from a sample of 511 participants. Factor analyses (principal components analysis), performed separately on self and on peer ratings, suggested three up to six factors. From a comparison with an ancient but still popular system of personality description, called the triguna, and from a comparison with a recently developed comprehensive trait taxonomy in Dutch, it was concluded that only three factors, not to be confused with the Big Three, firmly stood out, all three belonging to the three-dimensional triguna. Congruence coefficients between factors based on self and on peer ratings confirmed the stability of these three factors. The three factors are called rajasic, representing ambition, friendliness, humility versus hypocrisy, deception and violence, tamasic, representing egoism, mean mindedness and concealment, and finally sattvic, representing competence, impartiality, being organized, sober and harmonious. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-620
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2013

Keywords

  • lexical studies
  • personality scales and inventories
  • cross-cultural research
  • CROSS-CULTURAL-PERSPECTIVE
  • DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES
  • IMPORTED CONSTRUCTS
  • BIG-5
  • DIMENSIONS
  • TAXONOMIES
  • INVENTORY
  • MODEL
  • GENERALIZABILITY
  • EXPLORATION

Cite this