Personalized medication adherence management in asthma and COPD: a review of effective interventions and development of a practical adherence toolkit

Susanne J van de Hei, Boudewijn J H Dierick, Joyce E P Aarts, Janwillem W H Kocks, Job F M van Boven*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
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BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence management of patients with asthma/COPD remains challenging. Given the multitude of underlying causes, a personalized approach is required. The Test of Adherence to Inhalers (TAI) can identify reasons for non-adherence, but does not provide guidance on how to effectively act on results.

OBJECTIVE: To develop a practical, evidence-based decision support toolkit for healthcare professionals managing adult patients with asthma and/or COPD, by matching TAI-identified adherence barriers to proven effective adherence enhancing interventions.

METHODS: A literature review in PubMed and Embase was performed identifying interventions that enhanced medication adherence in adult patients with asthma and/or COPD. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English with full-texts available were included. Effective interventions were assessed by the Cochrane risk of bias tool, categorized, matched with specific TAI responses and developed into a practical TAI Toolkit. The Toolkit was assessed on content and usability (System Usability Scale, SUS) by a multidisciplinary group of healthcare professionals.

RESULTS: Forty RCTs were included in the review. In total, seven effective interventions catergories were identified, informing the TAI Toolkit: reminders, educational interventions, motivational strategies, feedback on medication use, shared decision making, simplifying medication regimen and multiple component interventions. Healthcare professionals rated the TAI Toolkit with a mean SUS score of 71.4 (range: 57.5-80.0).

CONCLUSION: Adherence can be improved using different interventions that the TAI Toolkit helps selecting. The TAI Toolkit was well received by healthcare professionals. Further research is required to test its validity, practicality and effectiveness in practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3979-3994
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Issue number11
Early online date7-Jun-2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2021


  • COPD

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