Pharmaceutical interventions for mitigating an influenza pandemic: modeling the risks and health-economic impacts

Maarten J. Postma*, George Milne, E. Anthony S. Nelson, Bruce Pyenson, Marcello Basili, Richard Coker, John Oxford, Louis P. Garrison, PI Grp

*Corresponding author for this work

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    5 Citations (Scopus)


    Model-based analyses built on burden-of-disease and cost effectiveness theory predict that pharmaceutical interventions may efficiently mitigate both the epidemiologic and economic impact of an influenza pandemic. Pharmaceutical interventions typically encompass the application of (pre)pandemic influenza vaccines, other vaccines (notably pneumococcal), antiviral treatments and other drug treatment (e.g., antibiotics to target potential complications of influenza). However, these models may be too limited to capture the full macro-economic impact of pandemic influenza. The aim of this article is to summarize current health-economic modeling approaches to recognize the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches, and to compare these with more recently proposed alternative methods. We conclude that it is useful, particularly for policy and planning purposes, to extend modeling concepts through the application of alternative approaches, including insurers' risk theories, human capital approaches and sectoral and full macro-economic modeling. This article builds on a roundtable meeting of the Pandemic Influenza Economic Impact Group that was held in Boston, MA, USA, in December 2008.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1431-1439
    Number of pages9
    JournalExpert review of anti-Infective therapy
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec-2010


    • cost-effectiveness analysis
    • economic impact
    • pandemic influenza
    • SPREAD

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