Abstract: Photon recoil upon light scattering by a Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) of a dilute atomic gas is analyzed theoretically accounting for a weak interatomic interaction. Our approach is based on the Gross–Pitaevskii equation for the condensate, which is coupled to the Maxwell equation for the field. The dispersion relations of recoil energy and momentum are calculated, and the effect of weak nonideality of the condensate on the photon recoil is ubraveled. A good agreement between the theory and experiment  on the measurement of the photon recoil momentum in a dispersive medium is demonstrated.
- SUPERRADIANT RAYLEIGH-SCATTERING
- MATTER-WAVE AMPLIFICATION
- ATOMIC RECOIL