Phylogenetic congruence between subtropical trees and their associated fungi

Xubing Liu, Minxia Liang, Rampal S. Etienne, Gregory S Gilbert, Shixiao Yu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
273 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Recent studies have detected phylogenetic signals in pathogen-host networks for both soil-borne and leaf-infecting fungi, suggesting that pathogenic fungi may track or coevolve with their preferred hosts. However, a phylogenetically concordant relationship between multiple hosts and multiple fungi in has rarely been investigated. Using next-generation high-throughput DNA sequencing techniques, we analyzed fungal taxa associated with diseased leaves, rotten seeds, and infected seedlings of subtropical trees. We compared the topologies of the phylogenetic trees of the soil and foliar fungi based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region with the phylogeny of host tree species based on matK, rbcL, atpB, and 5.8S genes. We identified 37 foliar and 103 soil pathogenic fungi belonging to the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota phyla and detected significantly nonrandom host-fungus combinations, which clustered on both the fungus phylogeny and the host phylogeny. The explicit evidence of congruent phylogenies between tree hosts and their potential fungal pathogens suggests either diffuse coevolution among the plant-fungal interaction networks or that the distribution of fungal species tracked spatially associated hosts with phylogenetically conserved traits and habitat preferences. Phylogenetic conservatism in plant-fungal interactions within a local community promotes host and parasite specificity, which is integral to the important role of fungi in promoting species coexistence and maintaining biodiversity of forest communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8412-8422
Number of pages11
JournalEcology and Evolution
Volume6
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2016

Keywords

  • congruent phylogenies
  • DNA sequencing
  • foliar pathogens
  • fungi
  • molecular phylogeny
  • network
  • soil pathogens
  • subtropical trees
  • PATHOGEN METAPOPULATION
  • EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY
  • TROPICAL FOREST
  • TEMPERATE TREE
  • DNA BARCODE
  • HOST-RANGE
  • PLANT
  • COMMUNITIES
  • MYCORRHIZAL
  • DIVERSITY

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