Pigs in Sight: Late Bronze Age Pig Husbandries in the Aegean and Anatolia

Francesca G. Slim*, Canan Çakirlar, Roosevelt Chris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
121 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper explores pig husbandry across the Aegean and Anatolia based on zooarchaeological data and ancient texts. The western Anatolian citadel of Kaymakçı is the departure point for discussion, as it sits in the Mycenaean-Hittite interaction zone and provides a uniquely large assemblage of pig bones. NISP, mortality, and biometric data from 38 additional sites across Greece and Anatolia allows observation of intra- and interregional variation in the role of pigs in subsistence economies, pig management, and pig size characteristics. Results show that, first, pig abundance at Kaymakçı matches Mycenaean and northern Aegean sites more closely than central, southern, and southeastern Anatolian sites; second, pig mortality data and biometry suggest multiple husbandry strategies and pig populations at Kaymakçı, but other explanations cannot yet be excluded; and, third, for the Aegean and Anatolia during the Late Bronze Age more generally, pig data suggests pluriformity, which challenges the use of “pig principles” in this region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-333
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Field Archaeology
Volume45
Issue number5
Early online date2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3-Jul-2020

Keywords

  • Kaymakci
  • zooarchaeology
  • pig husbandry
  • Hittite
  • Mycenaean
  • CENTRAL-WESTERN ANATOLIA
  • BOAR SUS-SCROFA
  • WILD BOAR
  • DURRINGTON WALLS
  • CLIMATIC-CHANGE
  • ECONOMY
  • SYSTEM
  • SIZE
  • DOMESTICATION
  • WILTSHIRE

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