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Abstract

Background: Intensity modulated proton beam therapy (IMPT) for head and neck cancer offers dosimetric benefits for the organs at risk when compared to photon-based volumetric modulated arch therapy (VMAT). However, limited data exists about the potential benefits of IMPT for tooth-bearing regions. The aim of this study was to compare the IMPT and VMAT radiation dosimetrics of the tooth-bearing regions in head and neck cancer patients. Also, we aimed to identify prognostic factors for a cumulative radiation dose of ≥40 Gy on the tooth-bearing areas, which is considered the threshold dose for prophylactic dental extractions. Methods: A total of 121 head and neck cancer patients were included in this retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. We compared the average Dmean values of IMPT versus VMAT of multiple tooth-bearing regions in the same patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed for receiving a cumulative radiation dose of ≥40 Gy to the tooth-bearing regions (primary endpoint) in both VMAT and IMPT. Results: A lower Dmean was seen after applying IMPT to the tooth-bearing tumour regions (p < 0.001). Regarding VMAT, oral cavity tumours, T3-T4 tumours, molar regions in the mandible, and regions ipsilateral to the tumour were risk factors for receiving a cumulative radiation dose of ≥40 Gy. Conclusions: IMPT significantly reduces the radiation dose to the tooth-bearing regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106392
Number of pages10
JournalOral Oncology
Volume140
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May-2023

Keywords

  • Dental screening
  • Head and neck cancer
  • Intensity modulated proton beam therapy (IMPT)
  • Radiation treatment
  • Volumetric modulated arch therapy (VMAT)

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