Power of Place: Ruler, landscape and ritual space at the sanctuaries of Labraunda and Mamurt Kale in Asia Minor

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterProfessional

    Abstract

    Major sanctuaries often begin as natural shrines in places of intuitive value, regardless of their proximity to urban centers or settlements. It was their location in the landscape that empowered them, drawing the surrounding communities to them and eventually attracting the attention of rulers who turned them into prestigious spaces. Two such sanctuaries in Asia Minor are those of Zeus at Labraunda in the Late Classical period, and Meter at Mamurt Kale in the Hellenistic period. Chronology and region aside, these sanctuaries have several things in common: both occupy commanding positions in the landscape; both were located at frontiers, far from densely populated areas; and both were radically transformed by their respective rulers – Labraunda was monumentalized by Maussollos, satrap of Karia, and Mamurt Kale by Philetairos, founder of the Attalid dynasty at Pergamon.
    Intertwining ruler ideology with these regional cults was intended to create a new focus for the wider community, and this would have had several repercussions. In an effort to better interpret these transformations, this paper analyzes the impact of landscape, architecture, and ritual space at these sanctuaries and draws on theories from cognitive science, ritual studies, and game theory to understand the mechanisms that were at work.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationLocating the sacred
    Subtitle of host publicationTheoretical approaches to the emplacement of religion
    EditorsClaudia Moser, Cecelia Feldman
    Place of PublicationOxford
    PublisherOxbow
    Pages87-110
    Number of pages24
    ISBN (Print)9781782976165
    Publication statusPublished - 10-Jan-2014

    Publication series

    NameJoukowsky Institute Publication
    PublisherOxbow
    Volume3

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