Background: Weight gain and obesity can increase liver transplant (LTx) recipients' disease burden. We aimed to summarize and synthesize the evidence on pre- and post-transplant factors related to post-LTx BMI, weight gain, and obesity.
Methods: For this systematic review and meta-analysis we searched Medline (PubMed), Cochrane library, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and EMBASE for quantitative studies on 6 classes of factors (i.e., genetic, sociodemographic, behavioral, biomedical, psychological, and environmental) linked to body weight parameters in adult first-time LTx patients. A 19-item instrument was used for quality assessment. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for relationships investigated in >= 5 studies. Factors investigated in
Results: Of 16,495 articles retrieved, 43 assessed factors in LTx. These examined 82 mainly biomedical and sociodemographic factors. However, variation between definitions allowed inclusion of only 2 factors (i.e., tacrolimus, cyclosporine) in our meta-analyses of 6 studies examining a shared parameter for body weight (median patient sample: 171 (range: 63-455); Europe n = 3; United States n = 3; publication years: 1997-2015). Neither tacrolimus (OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.47-1.21; p = 0.24) nor cyclosporine (OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 0.89-2.18; p = 0.14) were related significantly with post-LTx obesity.
Conclusions: Evidence on modifiable factors related to post-LTx body weight parameters is still scarce, as definition variability limits data extraction and pooling for meta-analyses. To facilitate future research, studies should apply theoretical frameworks to guide their study design, select variables of interest and systematically examine interrelationships among selected factors. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.
- Weight gain
- Immunosuppressive medication
- Theoretical framework
- CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS
- METABOLIC SYNDROME