Pre-screening to guide coronary artery calcium scoring for early identification of high-risk individuals in the general population

Daan Ties, Yldau M van der Ende, Gabija Pundziute, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Michiel L Bots, Congying Xia, Peter M A van Ooijen, Gert Jan Pelgrim, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Pim van der Harst

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Abstract

AIMS: To evaluate the ability of Systematic COronary Risk Estimation 2 (SCORE2) and other pre-screening methods to identify individuals with high coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in the general population.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Computed tomography-based CACS quantification was performed in 6530 individuals aged 45 years or older from the general population. Various pre-screening methods to guide referral for CACS were evaluated. Miss rates for high CACS (CACS ≥300 and ≥100) were evaluated for various pre-screening methods: moderate (≥5%) and high (≥10%) SCORE2 risk, any traditional coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factor, any Risk Or Benefit IN Screening for CArdiovascular Disease (ROBINSCA) risk factor, and moderately (>3 mg/24 h) increased urine albumin excretion (UAE). Out of 6530 participants, 643 (9.8%) had CACS ≥300 and 1236 (18.9%) had CACS ≥100. For CACS ≥300 and CACS ≥100, miss rate was 32 and 41% for pre-screening by moderate (≥5%) SCORE2 risk and 81 and 87% for high (≥10%) SCORE2 risk, respectively. For CACS ≥300 and CACS ≥100, miss rate was 8 and 11% for pre-screening by at least one CAD risk factor, 24 and 25% for at least one ROBINSCA risk factor, and 67 and 67% for moderately increased UAE, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Many individuals with high CACS in the general population are left unidentified when only performing CACS in case of at least moderate (≥5%) SCORE2, which closely resembles current clinical practice. Less stringent pre-screening by presence of at least one CAD risk factor to guide CACS identifies more individuals with high CACS and could improve CAD prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjeac137
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean heart journal-Cardiovascular imaging
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19-Jul-2022

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