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Predicted lung volumes based on the Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) model are used in pulmonary disease detection and monitoring. It is unknown how well the predicted lung volume corresponds with computed tomography (CT) derived total lung volume (TLV). The aim of this study was to compare the GLI-2021 model predictions of total lung capacity (TLC) with CT-derived TLV. 151 female and 139 male healthy participants (age 45-65 years) were consecutively selected from a Dutch general population cohort, the Imaging in Lifelines (ImaLife) cohort. In ImaLife, all participants underwent low-dose, inspiratory chest CT. TLV was measured by an automated analysis, and compared to predicted TLC based on the GLI-2021 model. Bland-Altman analysis was performed for analysis of systematic bias and range between limits of agreement. To further mimic the GLI-cohort all analyses were repeated in a subset of never-smokers (51% of the cohort). Mean±SD of TLV was 4.7 ±0.9 L in women and 6.2±1.2 L in men. TLC overestimated TLV, with systematic bias of 1.0 L in women and 1.6 L in men. Range between limits of agreement was 3.2 L for women and 4.2 L for men, indicating high variability. Performing the analysis with never-smokers yielded similar results. In conclusion, in a healthy cohort, predicted TLC substantially overestimates CT-derived TLV, with low precision and accuracy. In a clinical context where an accurate or precise lung volume is required, measurement of lung volume should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0287383
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2023

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