Predictors for Work Participation in Individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review

Anja Holwerda*, Jac J. L. van der Klink, Johan W. Groothoff, Sandra Brouwer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)
336 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction Research shows that only about 25% of people with autism are employed. Method We conducted a systematic review on factors facilitating or hindering work participation of people with autism in longitudinal studies. An extensive search in biomedical and psychological databases yielded 204 articles and 18 satisfied all inclusion criteria. We assessed the methodological quality of included studies using an established criteria list. Results Seventeen factors were identified and categorized as disease-related factors, personal factors or external factors. Limited cognitive ability was the only significant predictor consistently found for work outcome. Functional independence and institutionalization were both reported by one study to be significantly related to work outcome. Inconsistent findings or non significant findings were reported for the other fourteen factors. Conclusion These findings emphasize the need for more high quality cohort studies focussing on work participation as the main outcome among people with Autism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-352
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept-2012

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Work participation
  • Predictors
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • ASPERGER-SYNDROME
  • INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY
  • YOUNG-ADULTS
  • SUPPORTED-EMPLOYMENT
  • PROGNOSTIC-FACTORS
  • CHILDREN
  • PEOPLE
  • LANGUAGE

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