Predictors of multidisciplinary treatment outcome in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain

Anne M. Boonstra*, Michiel F. Reneman, Berend R. Waaksma, Henrica Schiphorst Preuper, Roy E. Stewart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The present study aimed to identify predictors of rehabilitation outcome for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) and psychological problems. Methods: A retrospective cohort study including 230 adult patients with CMP admitted for multidisciplinary pain rehabilitation. Potential predictors were patient characteristics, duration of complaints, baseline functioning, pain, personality, coping style, fear of movement, psychological distress and type of treatment. Outcome measures were physical functioning, mental health, pain and patient-reported effect. Multiple (logistic) regression models were used to identify predictors. Results: Patients who were more disabled and patients with more pain benefitted more from the rehabilitation treatment than less disabled patients or those with less pain. Age, work status, vitality, depression and coping style also predicted outcomes significantly. The models explained between 27 and 80% of the outcomes. There was an interaction between type of treatment, work status and the baseline pain score as regards the outcome in terms of pain. Conclusions: No strong predictors of treatment outcome were found other than the baseline scores of the respective outcome variables. More disabled patients and patients with more pain benefitted more from the rehabilitation program. Other predictors improved the prediction models slightly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1242-1250
Number of pages9
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume37
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Chronic pain
  • clinical outcome
  • musculoskeletal pain
  • LOW-BACK-PAIN
  • REHABILITATION PROGRAM
  • INPATIENT REHABILITATION
  • LUMBAR DYNAMOMETRY
  • FIBROMYALGIA
  • MANAGEMENT
  • SUBGROUPS
  • THERAPY

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