Prevalence and pathophysiology of early dumping in patients after primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass during a mixed-meal tolerance test

Ragnhild B Wijma, Marloes Emous, Merel van den Broek, Anke Laskewitz, Anneke C Muller Kobold, André P van Beek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Early dumping is a poorly defined and incompletely understood complication after Roux-en-Y gastric (RYGB).

OBJECTIVE: We performed a mixed-meal tolerance test in patients after RYGB to address the prevalence of early dumping and to gain further insight into its pathophysiology.

SETTING: The study was conducted in a regional hospital in the northern part of the Netherlands.

METHODS: From a random sample of patients who underwent primary RYGB between 2008 and 2011, 46 patients completed the mixed-meal tolerance test. The dumping severity score for early dumping was assessed every 30 minutes. A sum score at 30 or 60 minutes of ≥5 and an incremental score of ≥3 points were defined as indicating a high suspicion of early dumping. Blood samples were collected at baseline, every 10 minutes during the first half hour, and at 60 minutes after the start.

RESULTS: The prevalence of a high suspicion of early dumping was 26%. No differences were seen for absolute hematocrit value, inactive glucagon-like peptide-1, and vasoactive intestinal peptide between patients with or without early dumping. Patients at high suspicion of early dumping had higher levels of active glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide YY.

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of complaints at high suspicion of early dumping in a random population of patients after RYGB is 26% in response to a mixed-meal tolerance test. Postprandial increases in both glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide YY are associated with symptoms of early dumping, suggesting gut L-cell overactivity in this syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2019

Cite this