Principles to gain a social licence to operate for green initiatives and biodiversity projects

Frank Vanclay*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)
115 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Green initiatives - for example, biodiversity offsets, carbon schemes, protected areas, nature reserves, payments for environmental services, and UN-REDD/REDD+ - have caused negative social impacts to local communities, especially Indigenous peoples. The typical impacts include economic displacement, physical displacement, livelihood impacts, impoverishment, disruption to everyday life and to ecosystem services, and human rights impacts. Community resistance is reflected in various labels: green-washing, green grabbing, green greed, green colonialism, greenshit, carbon cowboys and paper parks. Rather than the protection paradigm of fortress conservation, a different approach is needed in the parks and people discourse. Social impact assessment - the processes of managing the social issues associated with projects - can help green initiatives gain a social license to operate. By effectively managing the social issues, green initiatives will gain acceptability, legitimacy and trust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Volume29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2017

Keywords

  • CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM
  • CONSERVATION-INDUCED DISPLACEMENT
  • LIMPOPO NATIONAL-PARK
  • REDD PLUS
  • HUMAN-RIGHTS
  • IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  • PROTECTED AREAS
  • LAND GRAB
  • NEOLIBERAL CONSERVATION
  • RISKS

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