Private governance of human and labor rights in seafood supply chains: The case of the modern slavery crisis in Thailand

Miriam Wilhelm*, Alin Kadfak, Vikram Bhakoo, Kate Skattang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
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A growing recognition of human rights in business has shed light on labor violations and abusive practices that prevail in many global supply chains. The recent 'modern slavery' crisis in the Thai fishing industry not only brings the question of government's responsibility to the fore but also increasingly highlights the role of private governance in global supply chains. This paper provides an updated analysis on the state of labor rights protection in the Thai fishing industry by analyzing responses from private business and civil society to the modern slavery scandal. We focus on three responses in particular: ethical recruitment policies, worker grievance mechanisms and worker associations. We analyse the effectiveness of these responses and delineate the potential of private governance as well as the limits that need to be overcome to ensure the protection of human and labor rights in global seafood supply chains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103833
Number of pages8
JournalMarine Policy
Publication statusPublished - May-2020


  • Fisheries
  • Thailand
  • Human and labor rights
  • Private governance
  • Supply chains
  • CSR

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