Progress in philosophy: a defense of Philosophical Skepticism

Leonard Martinus Geerdink

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

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Abstract

An important question about philosophy itself is whether philosophy is making any scientific progress. That philosophy makes progress, like the other sciences, is problematic at first sight. Indeed, empirical research shows that there is hardly any consensus among philosophers about which theories are correct and which are not.

To get a better grip on this subject, I analyzed philosophical practice and used this analysis to defend a form of skepticism. Philosophizing does not lead to the expansion of our philosophical knowledge nor to an objective and universally acceptable justification of philosophical positions. This is because there is no collection of reliable philosophical data that can serve as a knowledge foundation or touchstone of philosophical theories. The acceptance of philosophical theories is therefore not only based on what the theory says, but also on the values of the person who is considering the position.

This work is not a call to stop philosophizing, although I argue for philosophical skepticism. Instead, I argue that by articulating philosophical problems we can get a clear picture of what we value above all else and what ideas we are willing to give up in favor of others. The end product of philosophical practices may not be knowledge of the world, but it does consist of knowledge of ourselves and the society in which we live.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Faculty of Philosophy
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Dutilh Novaes, Catarina, Supervisor
  • Kooi, Barteld, Supervisor
  • Romeijn, Jan-Willem, Assessment committee
  • Peijnenburg, A.J.M., Assessment committee, External person
  • de Ridder, Jeroen, Assessment committee
Award date4-Jul-2019
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-94-034-1806-3
Electronic ISBNs978-94-034-1807-0
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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