Progressive resistance training for persons with intellectual disabilities and visual impairment

Annemarie Dijkhuizen*, Aly Waninge, Seph Hermans, Cees P. van der Schans, Wim P. Krijnen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Knowledge concerning the feasibility and effects of progressive resistance training (PRT) for persons with intellectual disabilities and visual impairment who are categorized in Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) Level 1 is limited. The aim of our study was to evaluate feasibility and effect of PRT on participants' Quadriceps strength and personal goals. Methods Eight Participants followed a PRT program for 10 weeks. Feasibility was determined by percentage of attendance and compliance. The effect of PRT was analyzed with a linear mixed model (p <0.05) and by normalized bootstrap (95% CI). Results Participants attended 87.8% of the sessions and trained according to the PRT program, indicating sufficient compliance. Quadriceps strength increased significantly by 69%, and participants' personal goals were achieved. Conclusion PRT is a feasible and potentially effective method for increasing Quadriceps strength as well as achieving personal goals in persons with intellectual disabilities and visual impairment with GMFCS Level 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1202
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2019

Keywords

  • goal attainment scale
  • intellectual disability
  • progressive resistance training
  • Quadriceps strength
  • visual disability
  • PHYSICAL-FITNESS
  • MUSCLE STRENGTH
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE
  • DOWN-SYNDROME
  • PROGRAM
  • PEOPLE
  • REHABILITATION
  • HEALTH
  • INDIVIDUALS

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