Projections of the availability and cost of residues from agriculture and forestry

Vassilis Daioglou*, Elke Stehfest, Birka Wicke, Andre Faaij, Detlef P. van Vuuren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

By-products of agricultural and forestry processes, known as residues, may act as a primary source of renewable energy. Studies assessing the availability of this resource offer little insight on the drivers and constraints of the available potential as well as the associated costs and how these may vary across scenarios. This study projects long-term global supply curves of the available potential using consistent scenarios of agriculture and forestry production, livestock production and fuel use from the spatially explicit integrated assessment model IMAGE. In the projections, residue production is related to agricultural and forestry production and intensification, and the limiting effect of ecological and alternative uses of residues are accounted for. Depending on the scenario, theoretical potential is projected to increase from approximately 120EJyr(-1) today to 140-170EJyr(-1) by 2100, coming mostly from agricultural production. To maintain ecological functions approximately 40% is required to remain in the field, and a further 20-30% is diverted towards alternative uses. Of the remaining potential (approximately 50EJyr(-1) in 2100), more than 90% is available at costs

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-470
Number of pages15
JournalBiomass & Bioenergy
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2016

Keywords

  • biomass
  • global potential
  • integrated assessment
  • residues
  • scenario analysis
  • supply curve
  • GLOBAL BIOENERGY POTENTIALS
  • CROP RESIDUES
  • BIO-ENERGY
  • BIOMASS ENERGY
  • SOIL CARBON
  • CORN
  • LAND
  • TEMPERATE
  • SCENARIOS
  • BIOFUELS

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