Prolonged dual hypothermic oxygenated machine preservation (DHOPE-PRO) in liver transplantation: study protocol for a stage 2, prospective, dual-arm, safety and feasibility clinical trial

DHOPE-PRO Trial Investigators, Isabel M A Brüggenwirth, Veerle A Lantinga, Michel Rayar, Aad P van den Berg, Hans Blokzijl, Koen M E M Reyntjens, Robert J Porte, Vincent E de Meijer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Introduction End-ischaemic preservation of a donor liver by dual hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (DHOPE) for 2 hours prior to transplantation is sufficient to mitigate ischaemia-reperfusion damage and fully restore cellular energy levels. Clinical studies have shown beneficial outcomes after transplantation of liver grafts preserved by DHOPE compared with static cold storage. In addition to graft reconditioning, DHOPE may also be used to prolong preservation time, which could facilitate logistics for allocation and transplantation globally.

Methods and analysis This is a prospective, pseudo-randomised, dual-arm, IDEAL-D (Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment, Long term study-Framework for Devices) stage 2 clinical device trial designed to determine safety and feasibility of prolonged DHOPE (DHOPE-PRO). The end-time of the donor hepatectomy will determine whether the graft will be assigned to the intervention (16:00-3:59 hour) or to the control arm (4:00-15:59 hour). In total, 36 livers will be included in the study. Livers in the intervention group (n=18) will undergo DHOPE-PRO (>= 4 hours) until implantation the following morning, whereas livers in the control group (n=18) will undergo regular DHOPE (2 hours) prior to implantation. The primary endpoint of this study is a composite of the occurrence of all (serious) adverse events during DHOPE and up to 30 days after liver transplantation.

Ethics and dissemination The protocol was approved by the Medical Ethical Committee of Groningen, METc2020.126 in June 2020, and the study was registered in the Netherlands National Trial Registry ( prior to initiation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number000842
Number of pages9
JournalBmj open gastroenterology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17-Jan-2022



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