Prophylactic anticoagulation for venous thromboembolism in hospitalized cirrhosis patients is not associated with high rates of gastrointestinal bleeding

Nicolas M. Intagliata*, Zachary H. Henry, Neeral Shah, Ton Lisman, Stephen H. Caldwell, Patrick G. Northup

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundHospitalized patients with cirrhosis are at risk to develop venous thromboembolism. Although current guidelines support the routine administration of thromboprophylaxis to hospitalized patients, there is limited data regarding the safety or efficacy of this practice in hospitalized cirrhosis patients.

AimsWe aimed to determine if administration of thromboprophylaxis was associated with increased complication rates for hospitalized cirrhosis patients.

MethodsData were collected on patients admitted to the University of Virginia between 2007 and 2010. Study personnel systematically collected data on complications, including gastrointestinal bleed, venous thromboembolism and death directly from the medical record.

ResultsA total of 235 patients (accounting for 355 discrete hospitalizations in which thromboprophylaxis was administered) met inclusion criteria accounting for 1660 person-days of thromboprophylaxis administered to patients. The mean age at admission was 58 (95% CI 57.1-59.2) years and 217 (61%) were male patients. The mean admission model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score was 16.2 (95% CI 15.5-16.9). The mean hospital length of stay was 6.5 (95% CI 5.9-7.4) days. In patients who received thromboprophylaxis, the mean treatment length was 4.7days (95% CI 4.2-5.2). There were nine gastrointestinal bleeding events (2.5% of admissions), five venous thromboembolisms (1.4% of admissions), two cases of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (0.5% of admissions) and 14 deaths overall (3.9% of admissions).

ConclusionsThe use of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized cirrhosis patients is not associated with high rates of gastrointestinal bleeding or death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalLiver International
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2014

Keywords

  • bleeding
  • cirrhosis
  • coagulation
  • deep venous
  • thrombosis
  • venous thromboembolism
  • PORTAL-VEIN THROMBOSIS
  • MOLECULAR-WEIGHT HEPARIN
  • CHRONIC LIVER-DISEASE
  • ILL MEDICAL PATIENTS
  • PULMONARY-EMBOLISM
  • COAGULOPATHY
  • PREVENTION
  • RISK
  • THROMBOPROPHYLAXIS
  • METAANALYSIS

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