Protective and risk factors of early sexual initiation in youth subcultures

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Abstract

Objectives To assess the association between subculture affiliation (Hip-hop, Technoscene, Metal, Punk, Skinheads) and early sexual initiation, and whether gender, family affluence, peer influence, lack of parental bonding and lack of parental monitoring explain this association.

Methods We collected data on 15-year-old primary school pupils who participated in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children 2009/2010 study. The association of subculture affiliation with early sexual initiation was adjusted for gender, family affluence, peer influence, lack of parental bonding and lack of parental monitoring in five consecutive models using logistic regression.

Results Nearly 50% of the adolescents had a subculture affiliation. These youths were significantly more likely than other adolescents to have had sexual intercourse. Peer influence explained 49% of this association. Adding lack of parental bonding and lack of parental monitoring into the model weakened the association of subculture affiliation with early sexual initiation (20%), but this association remained statistically significant.

Conclusion Youth subculture affiliation is strongly correlated with early sexual initiation. This association is mediated for a large part by peer influence and defective parental monitoring and bonding. Health promotion regarding early sexual initiation should therefore in particular target adolescents under strong influence of peers and with weak parental relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-250
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2013

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Youth subcultures
  • Early sexual initiation
  • Parental monitoring
  • Parental bonding
  • Family affluence
  • Peer influence
  • Slovakia
  • OF-THE-LITERATURE
  • SUBSTANCE USE
  • GROUP IDENTIFICATION
  • REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
  • PARENTAL SUPPORT
  • MUSIC VIDEOS
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • INTERCOURSE
  • ATTITUDES

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