Protective effect of edaravone against tobramycin-induced ototoxicity

Monika Stenkvist Asplund*, Adnan Lidian, Birgitta Linder, Masaya Takumida, Matti Anniko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conclusion. It is suggested that simultaneous treatment with the radical scavenger edaravone has an effective protective effect against tobramycin ototoxicity in rat. Even if the edaravone treatment is postponed for 7 days, it can still prevent hearing loss, but a 14 day delay cannot protect from ototoxicity. Objectives. With the aim of alleviating hearing loss caused by aminoglycoside ototoxicity, we performed a trial to assess the hearing protective efficacy of the radical scavenger edaravone. Materials and methods. In part one of the study, 21 male Sprague-Dawley albino rats were used; 2 rats served as controls for the safety of edaravone. Eight rats each received 10 subcutaneous injections (s.c.) of tobramycin (160 mg/kg b.w.) once daily and saline injection intraperitoneally for 2 weeks. Eleven rats were given 10 s.c. tobramycin injections simultaneously with an intraperitoneal injection of edaravone (3 mg/kg b.w.). In part two, tobramycin was injected in 13 rats (as above). Five of these received two edaravone injections 7 days later and four rats similarly 14 days later. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) was used to assess hearing. Results. All rats treated only with tobramycin showed a deterioration of hearing. None of the rats given simultaneous treatment with tobramycin and edaravone demonstrated hearing loss. A 7 day delay in edaravone injection still prevented hearing loss, but a 14 day delay had only a temporary prophylactic effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number794031261
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalActa oto-Laryngologica
Volume129
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Animal
  • rat
  • auditory brainstem response
  • edaravone
  • aminogycoside
  • hearing loss
  • cochlear ototoxicity
  • cochlear protection
  • reactive oxygen species
  • antioxidant
  • FREE-RADICAL SCAVENGER
  • COCHLEAR HAIR-CELLS
  • GUINEA-PIG
  • INNER-EAR
  • GENTAMICIN
  • ANTIOXIDANTS
  • INFARCTION

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