Obesity-related albuminuria is associated with decline of kidney function and is considered a first sign of diabetic nephropathy. Suggested factors linking obesity to kidney dysfunction include low-grade inflammation, insulin resistance and adipokine dysregulation. Here, we investigated the effects of two pharmacological compounds with established anti-inflammatory properties, rosiglitazone and rosuvastatin, on kidney dysfunction during high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. For this, human CRP transgenic mice were fed standard chow, a lard-based HFD, HFD+ rosuvastatin or HFD+ rosiglitazone for 42 weeks to study effects on insulin resistance; plasma inflammatory markers and adipokines; and renal pathology. Rosiglitazone but not rosuvastatin prevented HFD-induced albuminuria and renal fibrosis and inflammation. Also, rosiglitazone prevented HFD-induced KIM-1 expression, while levels were doubled with rosuvastatin. This was mirrored by miR-21 expression, which plays a role in fibrosis and is associated with renal dysfunction. Plasma insulin did not correlate with albuminuria. Only rosiglitazone increased circulating adiponectin concentrations. In all, HFD-induced albuminuria, and renal inflammation, injury and fibrosis is prevented by rosiglitazone but not by rosuvastatin. These beneficial effects of rosiglitazone are linked to lowered miR-21 expression but not connected with the selectively enhanced plasma adiponectin levels observed in rosiglitazone-treated animals.
- PROXIMAL TUBULAR CELLS
- C-REACTIVE PROTEIN