We present a modelling framework for the investigation of prototype-based classifiers in non-stationary environments. Specifically, we study Learning Vector Quantization (LVQ) systems trained from a stream of high-dimensional, clustered data. We consider standard winner-takes-all updates known as LVQ1. Statistical properties of the input data change on the time scale defined by the training process. We apply analytical methods borrowed from statistical physics which have been used earlier for the exact description of learning in stationary environments. The suggested framework facilitates the computation of learning curves in the presence of virtual and real concept drift. Here we focus on time-dependent class bias in the training data. First results demonstrate that, while basic LVQ algorithms are suitable for the training in non-stationary environments, weight decay as an explicit mechanism of forgetting does not improve the performance under the considered drift processes.
|Title of host publication||Advances in Self-Organizing Maps, Learning Vector Quantization, Clustering and Data Visualization|
|Editors||Alfredo Vellido, Karina Gibert, Cecilio Angulo, José David Martín Guerrero|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Name||Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing |