Psychological distress in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: The role of hostility and coping self-efficacy

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Abstract

We aimed to assess whether hostility and coping self-efficacy are associated with psychological distress in obstructive sleep apnoea patients. Furthermore, we examined whether coping self-efficacy mediates the association between hostility and psychological distress. We included 150 obstructive sleep apnoea patients (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index > 5; 68% male; mean age: 48.9 +/- 9.5 years). Regression models showed that hostility and poor coping self-efficacy were strongly associated with psychological distress in obstructive sleep apnoea patients. All assessed coping self-efficacy dimensions mediated the association between hostility and psychological distress. Coping self-efficacy for stopping unpleasant emotions and thoughts showed the strongest association with a lower level of psychological distress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2244-2259
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume25
Issue number13-14
Early online date11-Aug-2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2020

Keywords

  • chronic disease management
  • coping self-efficacy
  • hostility
  • obstructive sleep apnoea
  • psychological distress
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • ILLNESS PERCEPTIONS
  • BLOOD-PRESSURE
  • HEALTH
  • STRESS
  • ASSOCIATIONS
  • FLEXIBILITY
  • AGGRESSION
  • SYMPTOMS

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