Psychological Momentum During and Across Sports Matches: Evidence for Interconnected Time Scales

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Abstract

This study on psychological momentum (PM) in sports provides the first experimental test of an interconnection between short-term PM (during a match) and long-term PM (across a series of matches). Twenty-two competitive athletes were striving to win a prize during a rowing-ergometer tournament, consisting of manipulated races. As hypothesized, athletes who had developed long-term positive PM after two successful races were less sensitive to a negative momentum scenario in the third race, compared with athletes who had developed long-term negative PM after two unsuccessful races. More specifically, the exerted efforts, perceptions of momentum, and self-efficacy were higher for participants who had developed long-term positive PM, and their perceptions of momentum and self-efficacy decreased less rapidly. These results illustrate a typical complex dynamical systems property, namely interconnected time scales, and provide deeper insights into the dynamical nature of PM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-92
JournalJournal of sport & exercise psychology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2016

Keywords

  • Attractor
  • Complexity
  • Dynamical systems
  • Effort exertion
  • Self-Efficacy
  • PHASE-TRANSITIONS
  • SELF-ORGANIZATION
  • PERFORMANCE
  • MODEL
  • DYNAMICS
  • COMPETITION
  • EFFICACY
  • SUCCESS

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