Psychosocial barriers and facilitators for adherence to a healthy lifestyle among patients with chronic kidney disease: a focus group study

Cinderella K. Cardol, Karin Boslooper-Meulenbelt, Henriet van Middendorp, Yvette Meuleman, Andrea W. M. Evers, Sandra van Dijk*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Background Progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be delayed if patients engage in healthy lifestyle behaviors. However, lifestyle adherence is very difficult and may be influenced by problems in psychosocial functioning. This qualitative study was performed to gain insights into psychosocial barriers and facilitators for lifestyle adherence among patients with CKD not receiving dialysis. Methods Eight semi-structured focus groups were conducted with a purposive sample of 24 patients and 23 health care professionals from four Dutch medical centers. Transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis. Subsequently, the codes from the inductive analysis were deductively mapped onto the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Results Many psychosocial barriers and facilitators for engagement in a healthy lifestyle were brought forward, such as patients' knowledge and intrinsic motivation, emotional wellbeing and psychological distress, optimism, and disease acceptance. The findings of the inductive analysis matched all fourteen domains of the TDF. The most prominent domains were 'social influences''and 'environmental context and resources', reflecting how patients' environments hinder or support engagement in a healthy lifestyle. Conclusions The results indicate a need for tailored behavioral lifestyle interventions to support disease self-management. The TDF domains can guide development of adequate strategies to identify and target individually experienced psychosocial barriers and facilitators.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number205
    Number of pages16
    JournalBmc nephrology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 11-Jun-2022


    • Lifestyle adherence
    • Psychosocial determinants
    • Self-management interventions
    • Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
    • Qualitative research
    • Focus groups
    • Thematic analysis
    • Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF)
    • CARE
    • CKD

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