Quality of general movements in infancy is related to neurological dysfunction, ADHD, and aggressive behaviour

M Hadders-Algra*, AMC Groothuis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

116 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The quality of general movements (GMs) was assessed repeatedly during the first postnatal months in a mixed group of 52 children at either low or high risk for neurodevelopmental disorders. In addition, all children were reexamined at 4 to 9 years. The follow-up assessment consisted of a neurological examination and an evaluation of behaviour by means of parental questionnaires. The quality of GMs changed frequently, to stabilize in the final phase. The final GM phase is that of the so-called fidgety GMs which occurs between 2 and 4 months postterm. The quality of the fldgety GMs predicted outcome very well. Definitely abnormal GMs were associated with a high risk for the development of cerebral palsy, whereas mildly abnormal GMs were associated with the development of minor neurological dysfunction, attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, and aggressive behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-391
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Volume41
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun-1999

Keywords

  • DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
  • FULL-TERM INFANTS
  • PRETERM INFANTS
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • SCHOOL-AGE
  • DEVELOPMENTAL COURSE
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • BIRTH
  • CHILDREN
  • ENCEPHALOPATHY

Cite this