Quantifying habitat preference of bottom trawling gear

Niels T. Hintzen*, Geert Aarts, Jan Jaap Poos, Karin Johanna van der Reijden, Adriaan D. Rijnsdorp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Continental shelves around the world are subject to intensive bottom trawling. Demersal fish assemblages inhabiting these shelves account for one-fourth of landed wild marine species. Increasing spatial claims for nature protection and wind farm energy suppresses, however, the area available to fisheries. In this marine spatial planning discussion, it is essential to understand what defines suitable fishing grounds for bottom trawlers. We developed a statistical methodology to study the habitat preference of a fishery, accounting for spatial correlation naturally present in fisheries data using high-resolution location data of fishing vessels and environmental variables. We focused on two types of beam trawls to target sole using mechanical or electrical stimulation. Although results indicated only subtle differences in habitat preference between the two gear types, a clear difference in spatial distribution of the two gears was predicted. We argue that this change is driven by both changes in habitat preference as well as a change in target species distribution. We discuss modelling of fisheries’ habitat preference in light of marine spatial planning and as support in benthic impact assessments.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8-Dec-2020

Keywords

  • beam trawl fishing
  • benthic impact
  • habitat preference
  • INLA
  • pulse fishing
  • VMS

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