Quantum monitoring the metabolism of individual yeast mutant strain cells when aged, stressed or treated with antioxidant

Aryan Morita*, Citra Nusantara, Felipe Perona Martinez, Thamir Hamoh, Viraj Damle, Kiran Laan, van der, Alina Sigaeva, Thea Vedelaar, Michael Chang, Mayeul Chipaux, Romana Schirhagl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

Abstract

Free radicals play a key role in the ageing process. The strongly debated free radical theory of ageing even states that damage caused by free radicals is the main cause of aging on a cellular level. However, free radicals are small, reactive and short lived and thus challenging to measure. We utilize a new technique called diamond magnetometry for this purpose. We make use of nitrogen vacancy centers in nanodiamonds. Via a quantum effect these defects convert a magnetic resonance signal into an optical signal. While this method is increasingly popular for its unprecedented sensitivity in physics, we use this technique here for the first time to measure free radicals in living cells. Our signals are equivalent to T1 signals in conventional MRI but from nanoscale voxels from single cells with sub-cellular resolution. With this powerful tool we are able to follow free radical generation after chemically inducing stress. In addition, we can observe free radical reduction in presence of an antioxidant. We we re able to clearly differentiate between mutant strains with altered metabolism. Finally, the excellent stability of our diamond particles allowed us to follow the ageing process and differentiate between young and old cells. We could confirm the expected increase of free radical load in old wild type and sod1{\Delta} mutants. We further applied this new technique to investigate tor1{\Delta} and pex19{\Delta} cells. For these mutants an increased lifespan has been reported but the exact mechanism is unclear. We find a decreased free radical load in, which might offer an explanation for the increased lifespan in these cells.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages36
JournalArXiv
Publication statusPublished - 31-Jul-2020

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