Recent advances in hydrothermal carbonisation: from tailored carbon materials and biochemicals to applications and bioenergy

Sabina A. Nicolae, Heather Au, Pierpaolo Modugno, Hui Luo, Anthony E. Szego, Mo Qiao, Liang Li, Wang Yin, Hero J. Heeres, Nicole Berge, Maria-Magdalena Titirici*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduced in the literature in 1913 by Bergius, who at the time was studying biomass coalification, hydrothermal carbonisation, as many other technologies based on renewables, was forgotten during the "industrial revolution". It was rediscovered back in 2005, on the one hand, to follow the trend set by Bergius of biomass to coal conversion for decentralised energy generation, and on the other hand as a novel green method to prepare advanced carbon materials and chemicals from biomass in water, at mild temperature, for energy storage and conversion and environmental protection. In this review, we will present an overview on the latest trends in hydrothermal carbonisation including biomass to bioenergy conversion, upgrading of hydrothermal carbons to fuels over heterogeneous catalysts, advanced carbon materials and their applications in batteries, electrocatalysis and heterogeneous catalysis and finally an analysis of the chemicals in the liquid phase as well as a new family of fluorescent nanomaterials formed at the interface between the liquid and solid phases, known as hydrothermal carbon nanodots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4747-4800
Number of pages54
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume22
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7-Aug-2020

Keywords

  • DOPED POROUS CARBON
  • ACID-CATALYZED DEHYDRATION
  • METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK
  • SOLID-FUEL PRODUCTION
  • HIGH-SURFACE-AREA
  • ACTIVATED CARBONS
  • LEVULINIC ACID
  • OXYGEN REDUCTION
  • HARD CARBON
  • MESOPOROUS CARBON

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