Reduction of Lung Hyperinflation Improves Cardiac Preload, Contractility, and Output in Emphysema: A Prospective Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Study in Patients Who Received Endobronchial Valves

Marieke C van der Molen*, Jorine E Hartman, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Huib A M Kerstjens, Joost P van Melle, Tineke P Willems, Dirk-Jan Slebos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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RATIONALE: Pulmonary hyperinflation in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) has been related to smaller cardiac chamber sizes and impaired cardiac function. Nowadays, bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) with endobronchial valves is a treatment option to reduce pulmonary hyperinflation in patients with severe emphysema.

OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that reduction of hyperinflation would improve cardiac preload in this patient group. In addition, we investigated whether the treatment would result in elevated pulmonary artery pressures due to pulmonary vascular bed reduction.

METHODS: We included patients with emphysema and severe hyperinflation (defined by a baseline residual volume >175% of predicted) who were eligible for BLVR with endobronchial valves. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was obtained one day prior to treatment and at eight week follow-up. Primary endpoint was cardiac preload, as measured by the right ventricle end-diastolic volume index (RVEDVI). As secondary endpoints, we measured indexed end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes of the right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle, pulmonary artery pressures, cardiac output, ejection fraction, and strain.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Twenty-four patients were included. At eight week follow-up, RVEDVI was significantly improved (+7.9 ml/m2, SD 10.0, p=0.001). In addition to increased stroke volumes, we found significantly higher ejection fractions and strain measurements. Although cardiac output was significantly increased (+0.9L/min, SD 1.5, p=0.007), there were no changes in pulmonary artery pressures.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that reduction of hyperinflation using BLVR with endobronchial valves significantly improved cardiac preload, myocardial contractility, and cardiac output, without changes in pulmonary artery pressures. Clinical trial registered with (NCT03474471).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-711
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Issue number6
Early online date18-May-2022
Publication statusPublished - 15-Sept-2022

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