The hydrolytic dehalogenation of rac-1,3-dibromobutane catalyzed by the haloalkane dehalogenase LinB from Sphingobium japonicum UT26 proceeds in a sequential fashion: initial formation of intermediate haloalcohols followed by a second hydrolytic step to produce the final diol. Detailed investigation of the course of the reaction revealed favored nucleophilic displacement of the sec-halogen in the first hydrolytic event with pronounced R enantioselectivity. The second hydrolysis step proceeded with a regioselectivity switch at the primary position, with preference for the S enantiomer. Because of complex competition between all eight possible reactions, intermediate haloalcohols formed with moderate to good ee ((S)-4-bromo-butan-2-ol: up to 87%). Similarly, (S)-butane-1,3-diol was formed at a maximum ee of 35% before full hydrolysis furnished the racemic diol product.
- haloalkane dehalogenase
- SPHINGOMONAS-PAUCIMOBILIS UT26
- XANTHOBACTER-AUTOTROPHICUS GJ10
- BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
- KINETIC RESOLUTION