Regioselective Carbohydrate Oxidations: A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Study on Selectivity, Rate, and Side-Product Formation

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Abstract

Palladium/neocuproine catalyzed oxidation of glucosides shows an excellent selectivity for the C3-OH, but in mannosides and galactosides, unselective oxidation was initially observed. For further application in more-complex (oligo)saccharides, a better understanding of the reaction, in terms of selectivity and reactivity, is required. Therefore, a panel of different glycosides was synthesized, subjected to palladium/neocuproine catalyzed oxidation and subsequently analyzed by qNMR. Surprisingly, all studied glucosides, mannosides, galactosides, and xylosides show selective oxidation of the C3-OH. However, subsequent reaction of the resulting ketone moiety is the main culprit for side product formation. Measures are reported to suppress these side reactions. The observed differences in reaction rate, glucosides being the most rapidly oxidized, may be exploited for the selective oxidation of complex oligosaccharides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1438-1445
Number of pages8
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2017

Keywords

  • oxidation
  • regioselective
  • glycosides
  • palladium
  • qNMR
  • STEREOSPECIFIC SYNTHESIS
  • CATALYTIC-OXIDATION
  • ALCOHOL OXIDATION
  • SUGARS
  • FUNCTIONALIZATION
  • GLYCOSIDES
  • GLUCOSE
  • ELLAGITANNINS
  • COMPLEXES

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