Regular energy drink consumption is associated with the risk of health and behavioural problems in adolescents

Jana Holubcikova*, Peter Kolarcik, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Sijmen A. Reijneveld, Jitse P. van Dijk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Consumption of energy drinks has become popular and frequent among adolescents across Europe. Previous research showed that regular consumption of these drinks was associated with several health and behavioural problems. The aim of the present study was to determine the socio-demographic groups at risk for regular energy drink consumption and to explore the association of regular energy drinks consumption with health and behavioural problems and negative school experiences in adolescents. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study conducted in 2014 in Slovakia were analysed. We assessed socio-demographic characteristics, energy drink consumption, health and behavioural problems and negative school experiences based on self-reports from 8977 adolescents aged 11-15 years (mean age/standard deviation 13/1.33; 50.0% boys). The prevalence of regular energy drink consumption in the present sample was 20.6% (95%CI: 20%-21%). Regular energy drink consumption was more frequent among boys and older adolescents. Adolescents with a medium-level family affluence were less likely to drink energy drinks regularly. Adolescents who consumed energy drinks regularly had more health and behavioural problems and negative school experiences.

Conclusion: Adolescents drinking energy drinks are at risk of a wide range of negative outcomes and should be specifically addressed by preventive interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume176
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May-2017

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Energy drinks
  • Health and behavioural problems
  • Negative school experience
  • COLLEGE-STUDENTS
  • SCHOOL-STUDENTS
  • YOUNG-ADULTS
  • CHILDREN
  • PATTERNS
  • COMPLAINTS
  • BEVERAGES
  • SPORTS

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